Monday, October 22, 2018

Double-flowered: World Univ & Sch's Live Hangout on Air 10.22.18: A) Actual-Virtual Lego Robotics & B) Twin Studies, both in a Realistic Virtual Earth https://youtu.be/RJGEeU0Eo5c A) https://wiki.worlduniversityandschool.org/wiki/Robotics & B) https://wiki.worlduniversityandschool.org/wiki/Twin_Studies > #RealisticVirtualEarthForLego & #RealisticVirtualEarthForCRISPR


World University & School News and Q & A Live Hangout on Air
https://www.youtube.com/WorldUnivandSch
Mon, Oct 22 2018, 10 am PT, 5pm UTC/GMT
Topic: Your Ideas, Questions, Thoughts & Focusing Hangouts
~ https://wiki.worlduniversityandschool.org/wiki/Nation_States ~
The Hangout is hosted by Scott MacLeod
~ http://worlduniversityandschool.org ~

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World Univ & Sch's Live Hangout on Air 10.22.18: A) Actual-Virtual Lego Robotics & B) Twin Studies, both in a Realistic Virtual Earth https://youtu.be/RJGEeU0Eo5c A) https://wiki.worlduniversityandschool.org/wiki/Robotics & B) https://wiki.worlduniversityandschool.org/wiki/Twin_Studies > #RealisticVirtualEarthForLego & #RealisticVirtualEarthForCRISPR ~
- https://twitter.com/WorldUnivAndSch/status/1054424644063645696 -

- https://twitter.com/sgkmacleod/status/1054426151689441280 -

- https://twitter.com/scottmacleod/status/1054425514817970176 -

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World Univ & Sch: Actual-Virtual Lego Robotics & Twin Studies in a Realistic Virtual Earth


https://youtu.be/RJGEeU0Eo5c


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Robots for cleaning https://twitter.com/Soonfeed/status/1054285022075719680 … & which WUaS students can design even in Lego for learning & in a #RealisticVirtualEarth Re #RVE maybe furniture even will change in response to robot cleaners. In conjunction w Stanford, how to become a network excellent manufacturers?


https://twitter.com/WorldUnivAndSch/status/1054400230462910464

https://twitter.com/Soonfeed/status/1054285022075719680



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How might we best develop a #RealisticVirtualEarth, as #RealisticVirtualEarthForGeology for geology & environmental safety+, a #RealisticVirtualEarthForHistory re images and maps from different dates & places, and for machine learning image comparison > https://wiki.worlduniversityandschool.org/wiki/Geology_and_Geophysics ?

https://twitter.com/WorldUnivAndSch/status/1054499979757146112


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google earth for geology (searched)
#RealisticVirtualEarthForGeology
-https://youtu.be/5x8_4HX0B7k
-https://youtu.be/C7vtxPFIQCk
-https://youtu.be/YD5Tr4PQOWk
-https://mrdata.usgs.gov/geology/state/
-Teaching Geologic Map Interpretation Using Google Earth https://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/structure/teaching_geo_map_interp.html
- http://www.onegeology.org/howto/1_4_6.html ~

https://twitter.com/WorldUnivAndSch/status/1054503262538260480


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Hi Alan,

Thanks for an interesting talk "ERE Seminar: Alan Burnham, PhD, Stanford University — History and Geology of Livermore Oil"
- https://events.stanford.edu/events/804/80462/ .

In seeking to develop a realistic virtual Harbin Hot Springs (my field site) in a realistic virtual earth (for an actual-virtual Harbin Hot Springs' ethnographic comparison, and for geothermal history, for ex.), and in my seeking a position at Stanford, I wonder, hypothetically, how we might explore possibly teaching a class at Stanford together in order to develop a #RealisticVirtualEarth, a #RealisticVirtualEarthForGeology, for oil prospecting even, a #RealisticVirtualEarthForHistory re your images and maps from different dates and places, and for machine learning image comparison, and re Google's TensorFlow (conceptually Google Street View with TIME SLIDER / Maps / Earth / TensorFlow and at the cellular and atomic levels)? I have developing a #RealisticVirtualEarth as STEM field sites in all ~200 countries' official languages, and as classrooms in mind. And could we develop this in this hypothetical Stanford course with the Livermore oil fields in mind as a prototype, and local field site, for modeling this geology and history for the oil research? Or if I were to start teaching a related course in this at Stanford, with students, coders and information technology, could I invite you as a speaker, and could we add your talk, and further address implicit questions in it, for example - with a geology and oil focus (in a specific week)?

I also have a new social method I'm developing which I'm calling STEM ethno-wiki-virtual-world-graphy in mind too - https://scott-macleod.blogspot.com/search/label/ethno-wiki-virtual-world-graphy - which your talk touched on in many ways in your interpreting sociocultural questions around Livermore oil fields at different time periods / dates, for example, and in relation to the science of modeling and mapping oil in Livermore. So many many researchers such as yourself can add their own unique data, and create their own research questions.

How might we best develop a #RealisticVirtualEarth, as #RealisticVirtualEarthForGeology for geology & environmental safety+, a #RealisticVirtualEarthForHistory re images and maps from different dates & places, and for machine learning image comparison > https://wiki.worlduniversityandschool.org/wiki/Geology_and_Geophysics ? I've created a new Twitter #Hashtag for this as you'll see here - - https://twitter.com/WorldUnivAndSch/status/1054499979757146112 ... and which will develop with time.

I also found these further resources -
google earth for geology (searched)
#RealisticVirtualEarthForGeology
-https://youtu.be/5x8_4HX0B7k
-https://youtu.be/C7vtxPFIQCk
-https://youtu.be/YD5Tr4PQOWk
-https://mrdata.usgs.gov/geology/state/
-Teaching Geologic Map Interpretation Using Google Earth https://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/structure/teaching_geo_map_interp.html
- http://www.onegeology.org/howto/1_4_6.html ~

Would you and your fellow Stanford professor you pointed to like to explore teaching such a Google-centric course for geology and even oil prospecting and environmental safety out of Stanford (and as I might be teaching a related course at Stanford for social science and re a #RealisticVirtualHarbin)?

Looking forward to continuing this conversation.

Best, Scott





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Sunday, October 21, 2018

Cornflower: Appreciating spaces of FREEDOM apart from modernity - liminal spaces, spaces of communitas, Grateful Dead concerts in '70s esp now on Youtube, trips to & soaking in Hot Springs @HarbinBook, Cuttyhunk Island in '70s, How best to create in #RealisticVirtualHarbin & with good folks?, Great Neil Young and Crazy Horse concert in Austin in 2012, Michael Fragomeni (r, & @scottmacleod l) Met at UC Berkeley under Sather Gate - prospective @WorldUnivAndSch author for @WUaSPress, re a budding @sgkmacleod multiple-language book in the making … planned with machine translation in ~200 countries' languages, New Upcoming Book "Rainbow Gathering To Harbin This Day - Poetry of Loving Bliss" (tentative title), This will be 3rd book in the Academic Press at World University and School (planned with machine translation in all 7097 living languages!) #HarbinBook ~


Greg, Rob, Henry, Sandy and All ...

Great Neil Young and Crazy Horse concert in Austin in 2012

Neil Young & Crazy Horse, Austin City Limits, 1/13/2012


https://youtu.be/pJge17kskwQ

It's his lyrics / poetry that is part of what's so far-reaching ... and hippy artistic vision too


Some musings on a Sunday:

It's all 1s & 0s #Unicode anyway>INTO #RealisticVirtualEarth #RealisticVirtualHarbin #RealisticVirtualUniverse #InternetGalaxy like Google Street View/Maps/Earth w TIME SLIDER + for STEM https://scott-macleod.blogspot.com/search/label/ethno-wiki-virtual-world-graphy … -#ActualVirtual -Lego #RealisticVirtualEarthForRobotics -@HarbinBook~



https://twitter.com/WorldUnivAndSch/status/1046110268311384065


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Appreciating the space apart from modernity, that @HarbinBook Hot Springs is (as HCC Heart Consciousness Church~for one's heart's desire?) & emerging out of the 1960s/70s' alternative culture (eg since Ish, its Founder, still lives there) How to create in #RealisticVirtualHarbin?



https://twitter.com/sgkmacleod/status/1054009083047567360


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Appreciating spaces' apart from modern world - liminal spaces, spaces of communitas, Grateful Dead concerts in '70s esp now on Youtube, trips to & soaking in Hot Springs @HarbinBook, Cuttyhunk Island in '70s How to create in #RealisticVirtualHarbin ~#ActualVirtual with sociality?



https://twitter.com/HarbinBook/status/1054013419051876352


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Appreciating spaces of FREEDOM apart from modernity - liminal spaces, spaces of communitas, Grateful Dead concerts in '70s esp now on Youtube, trips to & soaking in Hot Springs @HarbinBook, Cuttyhunk Island in '70s, How best to create in #RealisticVirtualHarbin & with good folks?

https://twitter.com/scottmacleod/status/1054016816169668613


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Making things CREATIVELY can be a space of FREEDOM apart from modernity, limitations around you, easy now on Youtube, Lego Robotics is a potentially particularly fruitful space for the #ActualVirtual #PhysicalDigital How best to create in #RealisticVirtualHarbin with good folks?



https://twitter.com/scottmacleod/status/1054019054900408320


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A Philosopher in Love https://nyti.ms/2MNLIzQ   To https://wiki.worlduniversityandschool.org/wiki/Philosophy   &

More about 'David Hume passions personal life': https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/hume/  “...attentions and affections of women” > #RealisticVirtualEarth #RealisticVirtualHarbin - @HarbinBook ~


https://twitter.com/scottmacleod/status/1029795110622351360 … ~


More about freedom, Scotland and its (partly WIKI) constitution - https://scott-macleod.blogspot.com/2018/10/caesalpinia-pulcherrima-freedom.html ...

As aye,
Scott


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Michael Fragomeni (r, & @scottmacleod l) Met at UC Berkeley under Sather Gate - prospective @WorldUnivAndSch author for @WUaSPress, re a budding @sgkmacleod multiple-language book in the making http://worlduniversityandschool.org/AcademicPress.html … planned with machine translation in ~200 countries' languages



https://twitter.com/WUaSPress/status/1054021680064937985



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Upcoming book ...

New Upcoming Book "Rainbow Gathering To Harbin This Day - Poetry of Loving Bliss" (tentative title), This will be 3rd book in the Academic Press at World University and School - http://worlduniversityandschool.org/AcademicPress.html (planned with machine translation in all 7097 living languages!) #HarbinBook ~



- https://twitter.com/scottmacleod/status/1054087103368196097
- https://twitter.com/WUaSPress/status/1054087664926777344
- https://twitter.com/sgkmacleod/status/1054087884796358657






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Saturday, October 20, 2018

Sun: Perhaps Google + will transform into online universities in multiple languages, and in all ~200 countries' main languages, with its social media pages for matriculated students and their secure academic transcripts, and perhaps too for distributing an Universal Basic Income securely for all 8 billion people, and in planning for the future of work (including post academic degrees from WIKI World University and School ... ... as well as for Stanford and Duke Universities' and Google's Project Baseline eventually developing into online hospitals * * * "Disciplines in an Interdisciplinary Age, or History in the Age of Google Glass," Sorry you're losing your G+ groups, Peter ... Google is shutting down Google+ for consumers following security, Stanford Education - (Re)Thinking Mathematical Groupwork


Perhaps Google + will transform into online universities in multiple languages, and in all ~200 countries' main languages, with its social media pages for matriculated students and their secure academic transcripts, and perhaps too for distributing an Universal Basic Income securely for all 8 billion people, and in planning for the future of work (including post academic degrees from WIKI World University and School - https://wiki.worlduniversityandschool.org/wiki/Nation_States) ... as well as for Stanford and Duke Universities' and Google's Project Baseline eventually developing into online hospitals https://wiki.worlduniversityandschool.org/wiki/Hospital ...


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Here's a Stanford History Professor in 2014 on "Disciplines in an Interdisciplinary Age, or History in the Age of Google Glass" - 

Disciplines in an Interdisciplinary Age, or History in the Age of Google Glass

https://youtu.be/-ex9rX2RvwM - which Google Glass (hardware and software) was subsequently removed from the market, perhaps in another analogous way to Google Picasso (for photos) and now for G+ ... Cheers, Scott (My course is about how the innovations that lead to these Google developments happened ... http://worlduniversityandschool.org/InfoTechNetworkSocGlobalUniv.html ) ...

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Here's a Stanford History Professor in 2014 on "Disciplines in an Interdisciplinary Age, or History in the Age of Google Glass" - https://youtu.be/-ex9rX2RvwM - which Google Glass (hardware and software) was subsequently removed from the market, perhaps in another analogous way to Google Picasso (for photos) and now for G+ ... Cheers, Scott (My course is about how the innovations that lead to these Google closure developments happened ... http://worlduniversityandschool.org/InfoTechNetworkSocGlobalUniv.html) ...

https://twitter.com/scottmacleod/status/1053718617131384833


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This course http://worlduniversityandschool.org/InfoTechNetworkSocGlobalUniv.html is about how innovations that lead to for ex Google closure developments (G+, Google Glass, Picasso) happen-See 'Disciplines in an Interdisciplinary Age, or History in the Age of Google Glass' https://youtu.be/-ex9rX2RvwM
- https://twitter.com/scottmacleod/status/1053718617131384833 -

https://twitter.com/scottmacleod/status/1053719587789824000


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Sorry you're losing your G+ groups, Peter ...

Google is shutting down Google+ for consumers following security ...


Google Plus Will Be Shut Down After User Information Was Exposed …

Google is shutting down Google+ following massive data exposure
- https://www.engadget.com/2018/10/08/google-shutting-down-google-plus/

How could G+ be designed for security newly ... and remain free to end users - even for a UBI (thinking here MIT Digital Currency Initiative - https://twitter.com/mitDCI  & https://twitter.com/neha - with her focus on the poor & https://twitter.com/Joi ... an Universal Basic Income as an entrepreneurial opportunity and company and via G+)

... Alles Gute, Scott



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Saturday: October 20, 2018
https://plus.google.com/events/ct155krkpdi73dbkjdeg2oj3onk


Peter Bothe
Shared privately  -  8:15 AM

Google+ will be closed for consumers in August 2019 the latest, stepping things down even earlier.



KLUBTALK
Shared privately  -  12:48 AM

Hangout Topic Google+ Shutting Down - Where Do We Go from Here?

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Peter Bothe

Shared privately  -  8:15 AM
Google+ will be closed for consumers in August 2019 the latest, stepping things down even earlier.



KLUBTALK

Shared privately  -  12:48 AM
Hangout Topic Google+ Shutting Down - Where Do We Go from Here?


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Stanford Education - (Re)Thinking Mathematical Groupwork

Hi Anthony, 

Thanks so much for your excellent Stanford Education talk - "(Re)Thinking Mathematical Groupwork: 
Suggestions from Middle School Students" ...  

I'm curious how your thinking and analyses might apply to online MIT OCW-centric high school courses conducted in something like Google group video Hangouts (at MIT OCW-centric World University and School, potentially hiring excellent Stanford Education teachers, in multiple languages, and for unfolding research, of which I'm the founder and head).

And how could we grow great numbers of excellent online teachers with the unfolding use of video analyses for improving excellence in teaching subsequently and espeically in mathematics and STEM ... and possibly toward I.B. degrees - https://wiki.worlduniversityandschool.org/wiki/WUaS_International_Baccalaureate_Diploma_and_Programme - in ~200 countries' official languages. 

World University and School, which is like Wikipedia in ~300 languages with CC-4 MIT OCW in 5 languages, seeks to create major online universities and greatest high schools in all ~200 countries' official and main languages. 

As an anthropologist, I'm also how this will unfold culturally and linguistically in all ~200 countries' main languages for online degrees. 

How might we best communicate further about all of this? 
Thank you and best regards, Scott



-- 
- Scott MacLeod - Founder, President & Professor

- World University and School

- 415 480 4577

- CC World University and School - like CC Wikipedia with best STEM-centric CC OpenCourseWare - incorporated as a nonprofit university and school in California, and is a U.S. 501 (c) (3) tax-exempt educational organization. 


IMPORTANT NOTICE: This transmission and any attachments are intended only for the use of the individual or entity to which they are addressed and may contain information that is privileged, confidential, or exempt from disclosure under applicable federal or state laws.  If the reader of this transmission is not the intended recipient, you are hereby notified that any use, dissemination, distribution, or copying of this communication is strictly prohibited.  If you have received this transmission in error, please notify me immediately by email or telephone.



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false-color ultraviolet image, the Sun






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Friday, October 19, 2018

Caesalpinia pulcherrima: FREEDOM?, Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon in a short video, Not sure where a constitution for Scotland stands these days, but I think it's a question on the table, With regard to "A Constitution for a Free Scotland," World University and School is still waiting for the freedom to grow, with a budget - in all ~200 countries' official and main languages, as major online universities, and wiki schools for open teaching and learning in all 8481 languages (per Glottolog). And am seeking in this process a position at Stanford as well, Is this blog constituting World University and School - https://scott-macleod.blogspot.com/search/label/global%20university - in these many years of gestation? In many ways, aye ...


Scott MacLeod sgkmacleod@gmail.com

8:47 AM (5 minutes ago)
to KohJohnLilyEfunwandeHugosfmeancatPatrickNianaPaulakeikoHiroyukiGinodanLenoreKimberlyV
Happy birthday, Ants and Koh and Midori!

Just following up in this Doughboy Meadow thread, and with some thoughts I just shared with friends on the east coast about freedom in Scotland constitutionally below, Ants!

Scott


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S, R, H, and All, 

Now, I must say, here is Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon in a short video - https://scott-macleod.blogspot.com/2017/04/atlantic-salmon-scots-first-minister.html - about the time she talked at Stanford too, which I heard, as well. Interesting, re Scots' history ... Not sure where a constitution for Scotland stands these days, but I think it's a question on the table. Constitution of Scotland: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitution_of_Scotland ... And glad I live in the US re questions of monarchy and aristocracy in Scotland with regard to "A Constitution for a Free Scotland" - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Constitution_for_a_Free_Scotland ... 1603 and 1707 are a long time ago, to be informing questions of freedom in Scotland constitutionally today! ... Much of this current thinking about a Scottish constitution and freedom seems to emerging out of the radicalism of the 1970s, which this Wikipedia article refers to ... fascinating given people's freedom-seeking in the 1960s and 1970s around the world in so many nation states ... What's the role of wiki and Wikipedia in informing unfolding questions of "A Constitution for a Free Scotland," I wonder?

World University and School is still waiting for the freedom to grow, with a budget - in all ~200 countries' official and main languages, as major online universities, and wiki schools for open teaching and learning in all 8481 languages (per Glottolog). And am seeking in this process a position at Stanford as well.  

Is this blog constituting World University and School - https://scott-macleod.blogspot.com/search/label/global%20university - in these many years of gestation? In many ways, aye ... 

As aye, 
Scott


-- 
- Scott MacLeod 




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Just adding this Wikipedia version of - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Constitution_for_a_Free_Scotland - here:

A Constitution for a Free Scotland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigationJump to search
Not to be confused with the more current version, 2011 document of the same name published by the Constitutional Committee
In September 2002, the Scottish National Party (SNP) published a document, entitled A Constitution for a Free Scotland, which details their policy for the Constitution of a future independent Scotland. This Constitution, which would come into effect following Scotland's transition to independence, would set out the rights of citizens of an independent Scotland, and define the powers and responsibilities of government and parliament.

Historical background[edit]

The 2002 paper represents the culmination of many years' work. The essential elements of the Constitutional Policy were first adopted at the SNP's National Conference in 1977. The original drafting committee was convened by the late Dr Robert McIntyre, assisted by Professor Neil MacCormick, Dr Allan Macartney, Peter Chiene, Kenneth Fee, Isobel Lindsay and Barbara Park. The spirit of the original proposal has been retained in subsequent revisions, including a substantial review in 1990–1991.This is the Scot's Constitution.

Aims and principles[edit]

The SNP Draft Constitution declares itself to be necessary "to protect the rights of every Scottish citizen and to place restrictions on what politicians can and can't do". The draft "envisages an inclusive Scotland that embraces its geographic and cultural diversity, where its citizens are free from discrimination on any grounds in the exercise of their constitutional rights". The intention is to "give voice to the Scottish people and provide the means for us to take control of the decisions affecting our lives".

Article One: Constitution and People[edit]

Article One, entitled "Constitution and People" sets out some of the foundations of the Scottish State, including:
(1) The right of the people of Scotland to self-determination and national sovereignty.
(2) A declaration of Scotland's territorial claims to the mainland and islands of Scotland, and to Scotland's offshore (oil and gas) resources.
(3) A declaration of constitutional supremacy: the Constitution is the supreme law and any other legislation which is incompatible with the Constitution will therefore be null and void.
(4) An inclusive definition of citizenship, with reserved rights of residency for non-citizens resident in Scotland at the time of independence. Voting is from age 16.
Note that there is no preamble or declaration of principles, and no mention of Scotland's flag, anthem, or capital.

Article Two: Head of State and Executive[edit]

Article Two sets out the arrangement for the Head of State and the Executive:
(1) The Queen (Her Grace Queen Elizabeth I of Scots) would be retained as Head of State, with the title of "Queen of Scots". The Union of 1603 – a personal union between the Scots Crown and that of England – would thereby be maintained, even though the Union of 1707 – a governmental union of two States and two Parliaments – would be dissolved.
(2) The Constitution for Scotland states that the monarch would hold title under the law of Scotland, so presumably the Parliament of Scotland could, at some future time, alter the law of succession in such a way that this personal union is dissolved. A Scottish Parliament would also be able, if it so desired at some future time, to remove the religious proscriptions which ban Roman Catholics from inheriting the Crown under the Act of Settlement.
(3) Executive powers are vested in the Head of State, who is expected and required to act on the advice of the Prime Minister and Ministers. The Prime Minister is to be elected by Parliament, and Ministers are to be confirmed by Parliament. The government as a whole is accountable to Parliament by means of a motion of confidence, in accordance with the rules of the parliamentary system.
(4) When the Queen is not present in Scotland, the elected Presiding Officer (i.e. Speaker) of Parliament would act as Head of State.
The SNP is committed to holding a referendum on the future of the monarchy within the first term of a post-independence Parliament, but no explicit provision for this is made in the proposed Constitution.

Article Three: The Legislature[edit]

Article Three makes provision for a Parliament of Scotland, which will possess legislative (law making) power, as well as being responsible for debating policies and holding the Executive to account.
The Constitution makes a number of breaks from British constitutional practice which were seen as radical in the 1970s but are, according to the SNP's Policy Paper, now accepted as part of Scottish political life:
(1) The Parliament of Scotland will be unicameral, in keeping with the tradition of the old Scottish Parliament before 1707 and that of the Devolved Scottish Parliament today.
(2) The Parliament will be elected by proportional representation. The SNP favours the Single Transferable Vote system, but the exact electoral system used will be determined by ordinary legislation.
(3) Parliament elected for four-year fixed terms. Early dissolution is permitted only if a government enjoying parliamentary support cannot be formed: the Prime Minister cannot dissolve Parliament at will. Parliament may also extend its term of office, in times of war, for up to one year.
(4) To compensate for the lack of a second chamber, a minority veto procedure (whereby two-fifths of the members of Parliament can delay a bill for up to a year, subject to the right of the majority to refer the bill to the people in a referendum) is included. This is intended to prevent rash legislation by a Parliamentary majority.
(5) A stronger committee system will also be instituted, with pre-legislative scrutiny of legislation in parliamentary committees, although the Constitution is sparse on detail.
(6) Parliament would have control over declarations of war and the ratification of treaties. Treaties which amend the Constitution (e.g. treaties of European integration) must be passed by a three-fifths majority in Parliament and ratified by a national referendum.

Article Four: Local Government[edit]

Article Four recognises and guarantees the independence of elected local Councils, which are also to be elected by proportional representation. The Islands authorities (OrkneyShetland and the Western Isles) also have certain guaranteed privileges which may not be removed by ordinary legislation.
Note: the constitutionally guaranteed status of local Councils was not included in the 1977 document, but has been included in the 2002 version.

Article Five: The Judiciary[edit]

The Constitution recognises the independence of the judiciary:
(1) Judges are to be appointed by the Head of State on the advice of an independent appointments commission, consisting of the Lord Advocate, the Presiding Officer of Parliament, a Senator of the College of Justice and two impartial members elected by Parliament.
(2) Judges may only be removed from office, for misconduct, by a two-thirds majority vote of Parliament.

Article Six: Fundamental Rights and Liberties[edit]

The Constitution entrenches a number of fundamental rights and liberties, including freedom of speech, religion, assembly, movement, privacy, fair trial, due process etc. These are based on the European Convention on Human Rights.
Social and economic rights, such as entitlements to public housing, unemployment benefit, pensions, public healthcare, and education, are included, but there is no protection for trial by jury and no rule preventing double jeopardy.
The rights and liberties guaranteed in the Constitution may be waived during a State of Emergency. A State of Emergency must be approved by a three-fifths majority of the members of Parliament within two weeks, and may continue for up to three months, after which it must be renewed by Parliament.

Article Seven: Amendments[edit]

The Constitution may be amended by a three-fifths majority vote of Parliament, subject to approval by a majority of the people in a referendum.

Other noteworthy features[edit]

(1) The SNP draft Constitution is noticeably shorter than most modern (post-1945 and post-1989) European Constitutions, at around 6000 words.
(2) The relationships between the Executive and the Parliament are not clearly defined, particularly with regard to the election of a Prime Minister and the procedure for votes of confidence. This leaves scope for the regulation of these matters by law, standing orders of Parliament, or, in the absence of such provision, by existing parliamentary custom.
(3) In contrast to contemporary European practice, the SNP's Constitution for Scotland does not clearly distinguish between the respective roles of the Head of State and the Executive (compare with the Constitutions of Spain or Sweden, where such a distinction is explicitly made).
(4) The Constitution does specify the size of Parliament, only that it must be at least four times the size of the Executive (the number of Ministers is limited to one-fifth of the members of Parliament).
(5) The qualifications for membership of Parliament, and any incompatibilities between membership of Parliament and other public offices, are unspecified. These matters are subject to determination by Parliament, in accordance with the usual legislative process.
(6) There is no mention in the Constitution for an Auditor-General or an Ombudsman, although both institutions currently exist in Scotland under Statute law. There is provision for Freedom of Information, but no reference to the Scottish Information Commissioner.

References[edit]

  • SNP Policy Paper "A Constitution for a Free Scotland" dated September 2002. This publication is publicly available free of charge from the SNP website. www.snp.org
  • N. MacCormick, "A Constitution for Scotland", Edinburgh Essays in Public Law, Edinburgh University Press, 1991.




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